How Do Chef Schools Work?

Culinary schools give aspiring chefs their best shot at making it to the big time, especially those admitted by the American Culinary Federation. Just like any other profession, many of the better hospitality establishments base their hiring practices not only upon the length of education the applicant provides, but also where that education was obtained. Tuition runs the gamut from relatively inexpensive courses offered by local community colleges all the way to the Culinary Institute of America's breathtaking $ 40,000 price tag. And what does not tuition cover? Oh, just uniforms, textbooks, cutlery, and other necessary kitchen equipment.

Curriculum different from school to school, but most of the culinary student's time is consumed in learning the ins and outs of cooking by actually doing it under close supervision. Participants not only prepare food, but also learn how to plan menus, minimize food costs, buy food and supplies in quantities, and how to appropriately choose and store food. Learning proper hygiene and local public health rules also play a large part in a culinary student's education.

Classes are sometimes offered all day, taking a complete eight hours, while at some schools, classes are broken into morning and afternoon sessions. There are usually lectures, and then demonstrations followed by hands-on practice time with students applying the techniques demonstrated earlier. Some schools even offer part-time professional classes to accomodate working cooks wanting to increase their formal education.

A number of educational seminars are available, among them:

The American Academy of Chefs Chair's Scholarship – Ten $ 1,000 scholarships awarded each year

The American Academy of Chefs Chaine des Rotisseurs Scholarship – Twenty $ 1,000 scholarships awarded annually

National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) – Three annual $ 2,000 scholarships for high school seniors and undergraduate students

Because years of training and experience are needed to reach the level of executive chef in most well-paying restaurants, many students are serious about this profession beginning their training in high school through voluntary programs, then go on to a two- or four-year college or university. Apprenticeship programs offer more training afterward, and these come from individual eating establishments and are given by a personal mentor or from professional institutions and associations such as the American Culinary Federation.

Apprenticeship lasts usually about three years and is most often known as the years of "grunt work" – doing all the chopping, grating, peeling, slicing, and washing necessary to prepare the ingredients for the chefs. Even cleaning appliances, sweeping and mopping floors, and other seemingly unaffiliated "chef" work gets done by the apprentice as part of his or her learning experience. Often this "trial-by-fire" period separates the truly devoted caf├ęs-to-be from those who are merely good cooks.

It is not impossible to attain the status of executive chef without the benefit of formal education, but in today's job market, most establishments (especially the finer hotels and restaurants) now require some type of certification to work in this capacity. Like a degree of any sort, formal training in the culinary arts may not mean you are another Julia Child or Paul Prudhomme, but it does at least signify that you've got what it takes to get through the school. So stop trying to think of ways to take shortcuts, get your tuition together, and go learn what you need to attain your dream!

Make Money Online But Avoid Pitfalls

I think you have read the headlines … Make $ 10,000 in 30 days. In many cases, such words will be accompanied by a promotion to buy something, eg an e-book, or access to the system that will catapult your earnings beyond your wildest dreams. So the question is, are such schemes indeed true? Is it possible to make riches overnight? What should concern you right from the beginning is what the system or scheme is all about, particularly since laws of nature are clear … you can not create anything from anything. If you expect to pay $ 47 for an e-book and make $ 10,000 overnight without effort, then you have it wrong from the word go.

There are many ways to make a living online, many of them legitimate but quite a number exaggerated. However, what is comforting is that human nature is curious and therefore has the power to conduct research. A system that makes a lot of promises may indeed be legit or bogus, but with all the online tools available, it is possible to filter the wheat from the chaff. For instance, if a program offers a trial period, by all means try it out and opt out if it does not work to your satisfaction. Such systems will typically ask for a very low payment to subscribe (eg $ 1) for a trial period, and if satisfied, pay the full amount.

If you are thinking about making an online income, affiliate marketing may be your very best route because the start-up costs are low. Affiliate marketing typically involves promoting products on behalf of a reputable party who pays you a commission depending on your effort. This kind of online business can be quite rewarding especially if you know the basics of internet marketing and use them to your advantage.

The important thing with all online offers is to approach with caution, just enough to be able to gauge whether something is for real or a rip-off. Most importantly, engage in niches that interest you or you have an idea about. If you know nothing about pet dogs, you are unlikely to be successful in that niche. Similarly, if you have no clue about classic cars, you would be well advised to keep away from that field unless you are willing to put in time and effort to learn. The key words, as always, are time and effort. Those two words will never steer you wrong. Time and effort to learn, time and effort to listen to advice, and time and effort to be patient for results. If you are in the right program, progress will be slow at first, but will increase with time.

7 Ways to Experience Warmth This Holiday Sales Season

Feeling a little glum this holiday season? Many people do. Psychologists tell us that their client business really picks up around this time of year. Why is that? Are not the holidays designed to bring out the best in people? Do they really? Many people are lonely, even in a crowd, feeling isolated and apart from caring family and friends. Quite possibly, they feel that no one really cares or even cares enough to listen.

While these issues may vary as far and wide as the individuals in question, there is a common thread among all of us. That thread is purpose . In his huge best-seller, A Purpose Driven Life , Rick Warren outlines the case for purpose and answers the question "What on Earth am I here for?" Purpose make all of the difference and can supersede any circumstances as long as we do not allow ourselves to wallow in self-pity or selfishness.

Many salespeople experience a flood of negative emotions during the holidays. retailers notice both an increase in hostility and a decrease in patience and manners among customers. Field salespeople, often already excluded from their co-workers, often experience a discouraging slowdown in business and the customer's desire to put off purchasing decisions until after the first of the new year. Furthermore, these salespeople often are on the front lines of poor human behavior, sometimes falling victim to the wrath of an angry customer.

I submit to you that this Christmas season can be different and wonderful for you. You can make a real difference in your own life and affect countless others in the process. How? Simply do something positive for another human being without any expectation of payback or benefit to yourself. Start with the following:

1. Give of yourself.

2. Be a friend.

3. Lend an ear.

4. Provide a shoulder.

5. Pick someone else up.

6. Offer encouragement.

7. Smile

Did you note that none of these were financial or involved material things in any way? The truly important things in life seldom are. Remember, what comes around, goes around. We do reap what we sow.

So today, help out at your local soup kitchen, Salvation Army or faith-based facility. Invite a college student or military person with now to go over to your home for Christmas dinner. Look for opportunities to provide little services for others, often going unnoticed. In so doing, you will warm up and discover joy and purpose, leading to fulfillment and happiness this Holiday Season.

Try these seven activities and see for yourself. When January, 2008 arrives, you will be more than ready, emotionally charged, changed and expectant of a banner year.

How to Insure Cargo

Cargo insurance is one the most effective methods to decrease transportation risks. However many companies in order to save their money refuse to insure their cargo, and hope that “things will come right “. The experience shows that such saving is risky, because in case if cargo is damaged or lost material losses may be severe.

Miracle movers, Toronto movers advise you to approach seriously cargo transportation. Since company’s financial director is interested in minimization of possible financial losses, he should imagine clearly against what types of risks the transported cargo is insured and which are factors that must be taken into account.

Today miracle movers, Corporate moves will share with you their experience regarding cargo insurance.

What should we take into account in case of cargo insurance?

Company may decide to conclude an insurance agreement at any time before cargo transportation. The conditions of insurance depend on cargo type, route and so on. The main document which stipulates these conditions is the agreement with insurance company.

Types of agreements

Each insurance company works on the basis of license granted by the official body and special document – rules of insurance, which are drawn up by each company. The rules describe types of insurance agreements, which may be concluded by the company, list of insured risks according to each type of the agreements, as well as mode of payment of losses to the insured party. Most of the companies have similar documents, because they are based on the Institute Cargo Clauses elaborated by the Institute of London Insurers. In case of cargo transportation to the other countries, in order to avoid problems with foreign partners the ICC terms are used. Miracle movers, Professional office movers, among others, transport cargos besides the Canada borders. That is why they work only with the most reliable insurance companies.

Types of insurance agreements differ by insured risks:

- “all risks”: insurer bears responsibility for losses caused by cargo damage or full or partial cargo loss, which took place by any cause, except causes stipulated in rules of the insurance company;

- ” with particular average”: the insurance company bears responsibility and undertakes to cover losses caused by cargo damage or full or partial cargo loss, which took place as a result of natural hazard or vehicles crash, as well as in consequence of ship in missing. Some companies, including miracle movers, Toronto movers include in such agreement risk of full or entire cargo theft.

- “free of particular average “: the insurer undertakes the responsibility for losses as a result of full or partial cargo loss caused by natural hazard or vehicles crash, as well as for losses in consequence of ship in missing.

Beside the aforesaid main agreements types insurance companies may conclude agreements of insurance of the allied risks, for example damages, which may appear when during cargo transportation goods cost increases or they are not delivered at all due to the political or other events. However the insurance premium in case of such agreements is rather high. But in case when clients of miracle movers, Corporate moves wish to bear such expenses, company concludes such agreements in their name.

Important clauses

Miracle movers, Professional office movers have experienced lawyers who have a serious approach to the insurance of the client’s cargo. Each insurance agreement, as well as the insurance company rules, contains a list of exception cases when the insurer is not liable. As a rule, to the exception cases refer risks related to:

- acts of war and their consequences;

- bad faith or gross negligence of the insured party or his representative A (violation of transportation conditions stipulated in the agreement).

The insurer also will not pay cargo shortage in case when the package has no visible damages (for example, loss of goods from container with unbroken seals).

In our next article we’ll discuss such crucial points in insurance as term of validity of the insurance agreements, factors which influence the underwriting rate, and how to obtain the insurance.